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Am I good?

By Anne Curzan


It seems like such a simple question: “How are you?”

And yet if you’ve been told enough times that you shouldn’t answer, “I’m good,” the question may give you pause.

So is there something wrong with saying, “I’m good?

When I was younger I was told not to say, “I’m good,” because the question was not about my moral goodness; it wasn’t about whether I was a good person. It was about my health.

Now it’s true that if I answer by saying, “I’m well,” I am responding about my health. I am doing the equivalent of saying, “I’m in good health.” But sometimes what I want to say is, “I’m happy. I’m in a good place.” And so I want to say, “I’m good,” the same way I might say, “I feel good.”

Is that OK?

The fact is that it is OK, that the prescription against “I’m good” does not hold up under scrutiny. Let me explain why.

In the construction “I am ______,” what you should expect in that blank is either an adjective or a noun. “I am happy” (adjective), or “I am a professor” (noun). Given that, let’s return to the question “How are you?” In response, you should get “I am” plus an adjective: “I am tired” or “I am well”—if you are referring to your state of health.

Here’s where things can become more confusing. The word “well” can be both an adjective and an adverb. It is an adjective when it refers to health. It is also the adverb form of “good” in standard varieties of English. For example, “I am a good cook” (good = adjective), and “I cook well” (well = adverb). The word “good” is typically an adjective, as we see in “I am a good cook” or a sentence like “The food is good.” So you can say, “I am good,” in the same way you would say, “I feel good.”

In nonstandard varieties of English “good” is sometimes an adverb. In these varieties you’ll hear a construction like “She runs good.” And that use of “good” as an adverb often is stigmatized. (Microsoft Word also puts a green squiggly line under it to indicate an issue with the grammar.) I think what has happened is that the stigma against “She runs good” has spilled over to stigmatize the answer “I am good.”

In sum, grammatically speaking, you can say, “I am good,” or “I am well.” I think sometimes, for at least some of us, saying, “I’m well,” can feel more formal and saying, “I’m good,” can feel more colloquial. You are welcome to say either, depending on the context and what you mean.

This video originally appeared in LSA Today, where you can find more videos, including an archive of Anne Curzan’s discussions of language.

Anne Curzan

Anne Curzan

ANNE CURZAN is Arthur F. Thurnau Professor of English at the University of Michigan. She also holds faculty appointments in the Department of Linguistics and the School of Education. In addition, she serves as co-director of the joint PhD Program in English and Education at U-M. She is featured on the weekly segment "That's What They Say" on Michigan Radio.


  • mark warshaw - 1969

    Good elucidation and needed update of an age-old question in American grammar. Thanks Anne.


  • Erik Kuszynski

    I am a religious follower of “Talking About Words.” It’s my favorite part of the “Michigan Today” email. You see, as a high school student, I was told I wasn’t good at English. As it turns out I just never had anything interesting to write about! By the time I ended my college career, not only could I write a good paper, but I actually enjoyed the process! While I was at the U, I also took a linguistics class. I remember dreading it at first because I “wasn’t good at English,” but within a few weeks, I found myself wanting to go to class to learn more. It was one of the biggest surprises of my undergraduate career. So, when the monthly installment of “Michigan Today” comes out, I always click on this segment. (In fact, when I got this issue, I clicked on “Talking About Words” before the Alumni Band story, and I’m IN the Alumni Band!) Prof. Curzan’s column takes me back to the time when I discovered some interesting things about myself, and reminds me to always keep learning. Please keep up the good work and GO BLUE!


  • Megan Kubicz - 1993, 1996

    I always enjoy this column, Professor Curzan. This topic reminds me of bad vs. badly usage. I often hear people say they feel badly about something in an emotional sense (“I feel badly that I ran over that squirrel.”) but it’s my understanding that the adjective “bad” should be used in this case since the verb “feel” has more than one meaning. When using feel to indicate a tactile meaning, that’s when the adverb “badly” should be used, correct? (Since I singed my fingertips in that ironing accident, I feel badly.”) Perhaps you can address this hot debate in a future column :)