Keeping alumni and friends connected to U-M

Helen Newberry portrait, Newberry Residence, U-M.

The generous Mrs. Newberry

By James Tobin
.

The name on the first women’s dorm

Without checking Wikipedia, let’s see how you do in this round of University of Michigan trivia (answers below):

  1. Who was Mary Markley?   
  2. Who was Madelon Stockwell?
  3. Who were Eliza Mosher, Myra Jordan, and Alice Lloyd? (They belong to one category.)
  4. Who was Betsy Barbour?
  5. And the trick question: Whose name is on Michigan’s first women’s residence hall? Not Martha Cook’s. She was the mother of William W. Cook, the benefactor who funded the U-M Law Quad. But Martha Cook wasn’t the first women’s dorm at Michigan. That distinction belongs to the Helen Newberry Residence, which opened its doors to women 100 years ago, just months before the Martha Cook Residence made its rather more elegant debut.

“True Women”

Postcard of State Street, turn of the 20th century.

This postcard of State Street depicts Newberry Hall (home to the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology) between the trees. (Image courtesy of U-M’s Bentley Historical Library.)

The notion of U-M dormitories for women arose in earnest in 1906, when a number of forward-thinking alumnae proposed that Michigan follow the examples set by women’s dorms at the Universities of Chicago and Wisconsin.

Faculty and administrators were dubious. Rent on University “cottages” for women, said one professor, was likely to exceed the rent charged by the owners of Ann Arbor’s hundreds of rooming houses, where most students then lived. And “the University would be responsible for the conduct of the girls.”

The idea was tabled, but by 1908, women students themselves were pushing it, though they had even less interest in supervision than the faculty did.

After four years in rooming houses, a senior woman said, “We realize how few close friendships we’ve been able to make with many fine girls whom we know of, and the question arises whether it would not be possible to mass the majority of the girls together in halls…

“Of course we would not like to give up the unrestrained life that we lead now and be limited to the old-fashioned dormitory system,” she continued. “None of us would agree to that, for we feel too strongly how much such independence has taught us to be true women.”

Soon, administrators and faculty came around. But, as usual, the question of money got in the way.

Enter Helen Newberry. Actually, it was her exit that started things in Ann Arbor

“Suddenly stricken”

Mrs. Newberry’s demise at the age of 77 on Tuesday, Dec. 17, 1912, was reported in the Detroit newspapers as if it had happened at Downton Abbey.

BELOVED WOMAN DIES SUDDENLY IN HER DETROIT HOME, mourned the Detroit Free Press.

Death came quietly Tuesday morning to Mrs. Helen Handy Newberry, widow of John S. Newberry, honored as a leader of Detroit’s most exclusive social circles, and loved for countless philanthropies.

There was little warning of the end, and no pain or struggle. Mrs. Newberry had spent Monday shopping with members of her family. Tuesday morning, while taking breakfast in her room, she was suddenly stricken, and the end came before her maid could summon assistance.

All aboard

Newberry Hall under construction, ca., 1888.

Construction of Newberry Hall in 1888. The building was the headquarters of the U-M Students’ Christian Association. Later it was adapted as a museum, and in 1953 it was named the Francis W. Kelsey Museum of Archaeology. (Image courtesy of U-M’s Bentley Historical Library.)

Mr. Newberry, an early graduate of U-M, had made his money — a great deal of it — by the manufacture of railroad cars in the era when railroads dominated the American economy. He was Abraham Lincoln’s appointee as Michigan’s provost-marshal (head of military police) during the Civil War. Just before the war he had married Helen Handy, the daughter of a Cleveland banker, and after Appomattox, he proceeded to amass a fortune from Detroit to the Upper Peninsula, where he built the Detroit, Mackinac, and Marquette Railroad.

After Newberry’s death in 1887, his widow, Helen, continued her husband’s support for the development of Detroit’s Grace Hospital. For the next 20 years she served as president of the hospital’s Board of Lady Managers, which essentially ran the place on behalf of its governing board. She was the key figure behind the Grace Hospital Training School for Nurses, and she gave the money for the handsome Helen Newberry Nurses Home, one of the buildings that would later constitute the sprawling Detroit Medical Center. It’s now on the National Register of Historic Places.

She also gave $18,000 as the lead gift for a fund to build a headquarters for the Students’ Christian Association of the University of Michigan. The Romanesque pile on State Street, named Newberry Hall to honor Mrs. Newberry’s husband, became the University’s property in the 1930s. Since 1953 it has housed the Francis W. Kelsey Museum of Archaeology.

The younger Newberrys’ gift

East facade, Newberry residence.

Kahn & Wilby were the architects behind the Newberry Residence, built in 1915. G.E. Christman Co. was the contractor. This is the residence’s East facade soon after completion, looking out over a wide lawn onto State Street and Angell Hall. (Image courtesy of U-M”s Bentley Historical Library.)

When Helen Newberry died, her estate had an estimated worth of $3 million, an enormous figure in 1912. Most of it went to her three children, the most prominent of whom, Truman Handy Newberry, not only had made his own pile of money — he was a founder of the Packard Motor Car Company — but also served as secretary of the U.S. Navy under Theodore Roosevelt.

To honor their mother, Truman Newberry, with his brother, John, and his sister, Helen, gave the money needed to build the Helen Newberry Residence. Architects Albert Kahn and Ernest Wilby of Detroit built the residence for a cost of $75,000. Doors opened in 1915 and the building remains an all-female residence today.

The tale would not be complete without noting that in 1918, Truman Newberry was elected to the U.S. Senate, then investigated under the Federal Corrupt Practices Act for spending $100,000 to defeat the automaker Henry Ford, his opponent in the Republican primary. The statute said no Senate candidate could spend more than $10,000 on his own campaign. Newberry was convicted, but he appealed and won in the U.S. Supreme Court — on a technicality, since he had spent the money in a primary campaign, not the actual election campaign. The Senate seated him but expressed its disapproval of such lavish spending. The bloom was off Newberry’s new career, and he quit the Senate in 1922.

By then, several cohorts of women had lived in the long stucco “cottage” on State Street named for his mother. So it happens that a century later, the name “Newberry” is remembered more for the housing of young women at U-M than for the career of a high-spending politician.

Answers:

  1. Mary Butler Markley (1864-1956), who graduated from Michigan in 1892, was one of the founders of the Michigan League and the organizer of the Washtenaw County Federation of Women’s Clubs. She was the wife of Joseph Markley (1859-1930), a popular professor of mathematics.
  2. Madelon Louisa Stockwell Turner (1845-1924), of Kalamazoo, was the first woman admitted to U-M. She began attending classes in February 1870 and graduated with the class of 1872. She married the man who sat next to her in her first class, Charles King Turner. She graduated before he did.
  3. Eliza Mosher (1846-1928), Myra B. Jordan (1863-1946) and Alice Lloyd (1893-1950) were deans of women at U-M.
  4. Betsy Barbour was the mother of Levi Barbour, a U-M graduate of 1863 and 1865 (Law) who later served as a Regent.

 

Sources include the Michigan Daily, the Ann Arbor News, and the Detroit Free Press. Top image is a cropped photograph of the Newberry portrait hanging in the residence.

 

 

James Tobin

James Tobin

JAMES TOBIN, an author and historian, is a Michigan alumnus and professor of journalism at Miami of Ohio. His latest book is The Man He Became: How FDR Defied Polio to Win the Presidency ( Simon & Schuster, 2013). He contributes regularly to the U-M Heritage website, an online repository of historical stories and images about the University. For the story "Hair down to there," he delivered this alternate profile picture to showcase his own long locks, circa 1974,